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Aaron once again escaped any retribution. According to Numbers , a Levite named Korah led many in challenging Aaron's exclusive claim to the priesthood. When the rebels were punished by being swallowed up by the earth Numbers , [45] Eleazar , the son of Aaron, was commissioned to take charge of the censers of the dead priests.

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And when a plague broke out among the people who had sympathized with the rebels, Aaron, at the command of Moses, took his censer and stood between the living and the dead till the plague abated Numbers , To emphasize the validity of the Levites' claim to the offerings and tithes of the Israelites, Moses collected a rod from the leaders of each tribe in Israel and laid the twelve rods overnight in the tent of meeting. The next morning, Aaron's rod was found to have budded and blossomed and produced ripe almonds Numbers Aaron, like Moses, was not permitted to enter Canaan with the Israelites [13] because the two brothers showed impatience at Meribah Kadesh in the last year of the desert pilgrimage Numbers , when Moses brought water out of a rock to quench the people's thirst.

Although they had been commanded to speak to the rock, Moses struck it with the staff twice, which was construed as displaying a lack of deference to the L ORD Numbers There are two accounts of the death of Aaron in the Torah. There Moses stripped Aaron of his priestly garments and transferred them to Eleazar. Aaron died on the summit of the mountain, and the people mourned for him thirty days Numbers ; compare Aaron married Elisheba , daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon Exodus of the tribe of Judah.

The older prophets and prophetical writers beheld in their priests the representatives of a religious form inferior to the prophetic truth; men without the spirit of God and lacking the will-power requisite to resist the multitude in its idolatrous proclivities. Under the influence of the priesthood that shaped the destinies of the nation under Persian rule, a different ideal of the priest was formed, according to Malachi —7, and the prevailing tendency was to place Aaron on a footing equal with Moses.

In fulfillment of the promise of peaceful life, symbolized by the pouring of oil upon his head, [62] Aaron's death, as described in the aggadah , was of a wonderful tranquility. Moses said, "Take off your priestly raiment and place it upon your son Eleazar! The cave closed behind Moses as he left; and he went down the hill with Eleazar, with garments rent, and crying: "Alas, Aaron, my brother! The rabbis particularly praise the brotherly sentiment between Aaron and Moses.


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When Moses was appointed ruler and Aaron high priest, neither betrayed any jealousy; instead they rejoiced in each other's greatness. When Moses at first declined to go to Pharaoh, saying: "O my Lord, send, I pray, by the hand of him whom you will send" Exodus , he was unwilling to deprive Aaron of the high position the latter had held for so many years; but the Lord reassured him, saying: "Behold, when he sees you, he will be glad in his heart" Exodus Again, mercy was personified in Aaron, according to Deuteronomy , and truth in Moses, according to Numbers When Moses poured the oil of anointment upon the head of Aaron, Aaron modestly shrank back and said: "Who knows whether I have not cast some blemish upon this sacred oil so as to forfeit this high office.

According to Tanhuma , [70] Aaron's activity as a prophet began earlier than that of Moses. In the Eastern Orthodox and Maronite churches, Aaron is venerated as a saint whose feast day is shared with his brother Moses and celebrated on September 4. Those churches that follow the traditional Julian Calendar celebrate this day on September 17 of the modern Gregorian Calendar. He is commemorated on July 1 in the modern Latin calendar and in the Syriac Calendar. In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , the Aaronic order is the lesser order of priesthood, comprising the grades from lowest to highest of deacon, teacher, and priest.

The chief office of the Aaronic priesthood is the presiding bishopric; [79] the head of the priesthood is the bishop. Each ward includes a quorum of one or more of each office of the Aaronic priesthood. In the Community of Christ , the Aaronic order of priesthood is regarded as an appendage to the Melchisedec order , and consists of the priesthood offices of deacon, teacher, and priest. While differing in responsibilities, these offices, along with those of the Melchisidec order, are regarded as equal before God. Islamic tradition also accords Aaron the role of a patriarch , as tradition records that the priestly descent came through Aaron's lineage, which included the entire House of Amran.

It says that he was a descendant of Abraham Quran 4: and makes it clear that both he and Moses were sent together to warn the Pharaoh about God's punishment Quran It further adds that Moses had earlier prayed to God to strengthen his own ministry with Aaron Quran and that Aaron helped Moses as he too was a prophet Quran 53 , and very eloquent in matters of speech and discourse Quran The Quran adds that both Moses and Aaron were entrusted to establish places of dwelling for the Israelites in Egypt, and to convert those houses into places of worship for God Quran The incident of the Golden Calf as it is narrated in the Quran paints Aaron in a positive light.

When Moses returned from Mount Sinai, he rebuked Aaron for allowing the worship of the idol, to which Aaron pleaded with Moses to not blame him when he had no role in its construction Quran 7: Aaron is later commemorated in the Quran as one who had a "clear authority" Quran 45 and one who was "guided to the Right Path" Quran It further adds that Aaron's memory was left for people who came after him Quran and he is blessed by God along with his brother Quran Muslim scholars debated as to who exactly this "Harun" was in terms of his historical persona, with some saying that it was a reference to Aaron of the Exodus, and the term "sister" designating only a metaphorical or spiritual link between the two figures, all the more evident when Mary was a descendant of the priestly lineage of Aaron, while others held it to be another righteous man living at the time of Christ by the name of "Aaron".

Muhammad , in many of his sayings, speaks of Aaron. In the event of the Mi'raj , his miraculous ascension through the Heavens, Muhammad is said to have encountered Aaron in the fifth heaven.

Biblical Lyre of the Levites

Martin Lings , in his biographical Muhammad , speaks of Muhammad's wonderment at seeing fellow prophets in their heavenly glory:. Of Joseph he said that his face had the splendour of the moon at its full, and that he had been endowed with no less than the half of all existing beauty. Yet this did not diminish Muhammad's wonderment at his brethren, and he mentioned in particular the great beauty of Aaron. In reply, the Prophet said: "They lie, I bade thee remain for the sake of what I had left behind me. So return and represent me in my family and in thine. A 14th-century Mamluk mosque stands here with its white dome visible from most areas in and around Petra.

Although his father is described as both an apostle and a prophet, Aaron is merely described as a prophet. The Kitab-I-Iqan describes Imran as being his father. Aaron appears paired with Moses frequently in Jewish and Christian art, especially in the illustrations of manuscript and printed Bibles.

He frequently holds a censor or, sometimes, his flowering rod. See the "Aaron" category at Wikimedia Commons. Aaron also appears in scenes depicting the wilderness Tabernacle and its altar, as already in the third-century frescos in the synagogue at Dura-Europos in Syria. This is also how he appears in the frontispieces of early printed Passover Haggadot and occasionally in church sculptures. Aaron has rarely been the subject of portraits, such as those by Anton Kern [—] and by Pier Francesco Mola [c.

Harry Anderson 's realistic portrayal is often reproduced in the literature of the Latter Day Saints. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about Aaron the priest. For other uses, see Aaron disambiguation. Russian icon of Aaron from the 17th century. See also: High Priest of Israel and Kohen. See also: Moses in Islam.

Levites - PreparingYou

Prophets in the Quran. Listed by Islamic name and Biblical name. Main events. Stories of the Prophets The Three Messengers. Jews, Christians and Muslims prophets Abrahamic prophets. Main article: Tomb of Aaron. He would later provide sanctuary for David, when the jealous Saul first tried to have him killed.

Samuel is described in the biblical narrative as being buried in Ramah. Some time after his death, Saul had the Witch of Endor conjure Samuel's ghost in order to predict the result of an up-coming battle. This passage is ascribed by textual scholars to the Republican Source. Classical rabbinical sources say that Samuel was terrified by the ordeal, having expected to be appearing to face God's judgment , and had, therefore, brought Moses with him to the land of the living as a witness to his adherence to the mitzvot. Source-critical scholarship suggests that these two roles come from different sources, which later were spliced together to form the Book s of Samuel.

The oldest is considered to be that marking Samuel as the local seer of Ramah, who willingly anointed Saul as king in secret, while the latter presents Samuel as a national figure, begrudgingly anointing Saul as king in front of a national assembly. This later source is generally known as the Republican Source, since it denigrates the monarchy particularly the actions of Saul and favours religious figures, in contrast to the other main source — the Monarchial Source — which treats it favourably. Theoretically if we had the Monarchial Source we would see Saul appointed king by public acclamation, due to his military victories, and not by cleromancy involving Samuel.

The Levite’s Treasure

Another difference between the sources is that the Republican Source treats the ecstatic prophets as somewhat independent from Samuel 1 Samuel ff rather than having been led by him 1 Samuel ff. The passage in which Samuel is described as having exercised the functions of a biblical judge, during an annual circuit from Ramah to Bethel to Gilgal the Gilgal between Ebal and Gerizim to Mizpah and back to Ramah, is foreshadowed by Deborah , who used to render judgments from a place beneath a palm between Ramah and Bethel. The Book s of Samuel variously describe Samuel as having carried out sacrifices at sanctuaries, and having constructed and sanctified altars.

The books of Samuel and Kings offer numerous examples where this rule is not followed by kings and prophets, but some critical scholars look elsewhere seeking a harmonization of the issues. In the Book of Chronicles , Samuel is described as a Levite, rectifying this situation; however critical scholarship widely sees the Book of Chronicles as an attempt to redact the Book s of Samuel and of Kings to conform to later religious sensibilities. Since many of the Biblical law codes themselves are thought to postdate the Book s of Samuel according to the Documentary Hypothesis , this would suggest Chronicles is making its claim based on religious motivations.

The Levitical genealogy of 1 Chronicles 4 is not historical, according to most modern scholarship. According to the documentary hypothesis of Biblical source criticism, which postulates that " Deuteronomistic historians " redacted the Former Prophets Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings , the Deuteronomists idealized Samuel as a figure larger than life, like Joshua.

A New Order of Priests and Levites

For example, Samuel's father Elkanah is described as having originated from Zuph , specifically Ramathaim-Zophim , which was part of the tribal lands of Ephraim , while 1 Chronicles states that he was a Levite. In 1 Sam —17, a speech of Samuel that portrays him as the judge sent by God to save Israel may have been composed by the Deuteronomists. According to documentary scholarship, the Deuteronomistic historians preserved this view of Samuel while contributing him as "the first of prophets to articulate the failure of Israel to live up to its covenant with God.

According to the Book of Jeremiah [27] and one of the Psalms [28] , Samuel had a high devotion to God. Classical Rabbinical literature adds that he was more than an equal to Moses, God speaking directly to Samuel, rather than Samuel having to attend the tabernacle to hear God.

Samuel is also treated by the Classical Rabbis as a much more sympathetic character than he appears at face value in the Bible; his annual circuit is explained as being due to his wish to spare people the task of having to journey to him; Samuel is said to have been very rich, taking his entire household with him on the circuit so that he didn't need to impose himself on anyone's hospitality; when Saul fell out of God's favour, Samuel is described as having grieved copiously and having prematurely aged. His yahrzeit is observed on the 28th day of Iyar.

For Christians , Samuel is considered to be a prophet, judge, and wise leader of Israel, and treated as an example of fulfilled commitments to God. On the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar , as well as the Lutheran calendar, his feast day is August Herbert Lockyer and others have seen in Samuel's combined offices of prophet, priest, and ruler a foreshadowing of Christ. The narrative of Samuel in Muslims ' literature focuses specifically on his birth and the anointing of Talut. Other elements from his narrative are in accordance with the narratives of other Prophets of Israel , as exegesis recounts Samuel's preaching against idolatry.

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Thus, God sent the prophet Samuel to anoint Saul as the first king for the Israelites. The Qur'an states:. Have you thought of the elders of Israel after Moses, and how they said to their apostle: "Set up a King for us, then we shall fight in the way of God? However, it states that the Israelites mocked and reviled the newly appointed king, as he was not wealthy from birth. And when their prophet said to them: "God has raised Talut as a King over you," they said: "How can he be King over us when we have greater right to Kingship than he, for he does not even possess abundant wealth?

In this certainly shall be a sign for you if you really believe.